Biology is the scientific study of life and living organisms. It encompasses a wide range of topics, from the structure and function of cells to the diversity and interactions of ecosystems. In biology, researchers investigate various aspects of living organisms, including their origin, growth, development, evolution, and interactions with their environment. This field of study explores the underlying principles and processes that govern life, from the molecular level to the global ecosystem level. Topics within biology include genetics, ecology, physiology, microbiology, botany, zoology, evolution, and many others. By studying biology, scientists seek to understand the complexity and diversity of life on Earth and address important questions related to human health, agriculture, conservation, and the environment.

Biology

Here are some of Key Disciplines & sub-topics within Biology:
  1. Cell Biology

  • Cell structure & function

  • Cell organelles

  • Cell division (mitosis and meiosis)

  • Cell signalling and communication

  1. Genetics

  • Mendelian genetics

  • Molecular genetics

  • Population genetics

  • Epigenetics and gene regulation

  1. Evolutionary Biology

  • Principles of evolution

  • Mechanisms of evolution (natural selection, genetic drift, gene flow)

  • Speciation

  • Phylogenetics and evolutionary relationships

  1. Ecology

  • Population ecology

  • Community ecology

  • Ecosystem ecology

  • Conservation biology

  1. Physiology

  • Animal physiology

  • Plant physiology

  • Human physiology

  • Comparative physiology

  1. Anatomy

  • Human anatomy

  • Comparative anatomy

  • Developmental anatomy

  • Neuroanatomy

  1. Microbiology

  • Bacteriology

  • Virology

  • Mycology

  • Immunology

  1. Biochemistry

  • Biomolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids)

  • Enzymes and metabolism

  • Bionergetics

  • Molecular biology techniques

  1. Biotechnology

  • Genetic engineering

  • Biomedical engineering

  • Industrial biotechnology

  • Agricultural biotechnology

  1. Botany

  • Plant anatomy and morphology

  • Plant taxonomy and systematics

  • Plant physiology

  • Plant ecology

  1. Zoology

  • Animal diversity and classification

  • Animal behavior

  • Animal physiology

  • Comparative zoology

  1. Developmental Biology

  • Embryology

  • Developmental genetics

  • Morphogenesis

  • Regeneration and developmental plasticity

  1. Neuroscience

  • Neuroanatomy

  • Neurophysiology

  • Cognitive neuroscience

  • Neuropharmacology

  1. Marine Biology

  • Oceanography

  • Marine Ecology

  • Marine biodiversity

  • Marine conservation

  1. Genomics and Proteomics

  • Genome sequencing and analysis

  • Proteomics and protein structure/function

  • Comparative genomics

  • Bioinformatics